Changes in the work sphere and the „vanishing“ of standard work may end the old breadwinner type of masculinity. But where „new men“ try to balance work and life or show caring activities, they face obstacles – i.e. in organisations or on playgrounds. The book explains the ongoing changes in detail, shows ways how men deal with them and gives recommendations how to achieve gender equality by including a perspective on men.
The world of work is undergoing rapid change across Europe and worldwide. The erosion of standard work environments (full-time work, permanent labour contracts and secure welfare conditions) means that a growing number of men’s working lives are characterised by work discontinuity and insecurity. For many men today, the traditional picture of the male breadwinner no longer correlates well with reality.
The international research project Work Changes Gender examined ongoing shifts in male working environments in Europe, their interrelations with changing male self-assessment and evolving opportunities for gender equality. Detailed studies on these issues are conducted in five European countries (Austria, Bulgaria, Germany, Norway and Spain) and Israel, set at the national, enterprise and individual worker levels.
The interview survey gives evidence to the fact that masculinity is distinguished by differentiation and differing requirements. But a culture of work based on traditional models of masculinity and a policy of inadequate tax laws and paternal leave regulations still promote the breadwinner model and prevents gender equality. The field of gender policy still seems to be basically restricted to women.
The book contributes to a narrowing of this “paradox gender gap” through the provision of information and a new perspective on men’s working conditions and male self images.
Table of Contents:
- Basic Ideas and Objectives
- Current state of research & policy
- Unanswered questions
Analysis of labour market changes
- Main trends on the European Labour Markets
- Labour market participation of men and women
- Changes in employment forms
- Gender Segregation and working time
- More than a job – Working life and household chores distribution
„There is not anything like that with us!“ – Organisations, Men and Gender Equality
- Gender and Organisations
- Design and method
- Results Companies
- Organisational change
- The status of domestic work
- The Costs of equality
Male job & life patterns – a correspondence analysis
- The contexts of work reduction
- Four adaptations
Towards a new positioning of men
- Theories and concepts
- The Study: Overview
- Men and caring: The Misplacement Model
- General models of self-concept change: SEMO and PROMO
- Men and changes
Men are gendered, not standard. Scientifical and political implications of the results
- Ways to changes
- Promoting pro-equality changes in gender relations and masculinity models
Marc Gärtner, Sigtona Halrynio, Øystein G. Holter, Stephan Höyng, Ralf Puchert, Vera Riesenfeld, Christian Scambor, Elli Scambor, Klaus Schwerma,
Paco Abril, Yair Amichai-Hamburger, Margarita Atanassova, Selma Therese Lyng, Shoshana Neumann, Xavier Ramos, Jacques Silber, Violeta Velkova
The projected second edition will not be published.